Sexually trasmitted infections are easily passed from person to person through unprotected vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection, affecting 3 to 4 million people each year.
In many cases chlamydia is asymptomatic, with the infected individual not noticing any symptoms. However, the most common symptoms experienced include a burning sensation when urinating, in both men and women and often a discharge from the penis in men and from the vagina in women. Less common symptoms include lower abdominal pain.
Men may also experience tender or swollen testicles when infected with chlamydia. If left untreated the infection may spread to the testicles causing epididymitis, leading to infertility if left untreated long enough.
If left untreated in women, chlamydia may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, causing scarring inside a woman’s reproductive organs. This may result in complications and difficulties in becoming pregnant.
A short course of antibiotics are effective at treating chlamydia.
Chlamydia treatment typically consists of a single dose of azithromycin. Alternatively, doxycycline can be used to treat chlamydia however this needs to be taken twice a day for 7 days.
Practicing safe sexual intercourse, using condoms is the safest way to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted infections, as well as preventing unwanted pregnancy.